2014英语专八:考试中常见词辨析

来源: 发布日期:2014/8/26 点击率: 775

  英语专业八级常见词辨析:不同目的用法不同,例如:When he at last arrived in Rome he felt he had reached his goal.(当他终于抵达罗马时, 他感到自己已达到了目的。)

  aim, goal, purpose, end, target, object

  这些名词均有“目标、目的”之意。

  1.aim :从本义“靶子”引申而来,侧重比较具体而明确的目标,但常指短期目标。

  例如:You aim too low. (你志向太低。)

  2.goal :指经过考虑和选择,需经坚持不懈的努力奋斗才能达到的最终目标。

  例如:When he at last arrived in Rome he felt he had reached his goal.(当他终于抵达罗马时, 他感到自己已达到了目的。)

  3.purpose :普通用词,既指以坚决、审慎的行动去达到的目的,又指心中渴望要实际的目标。

  例如:He returned to his homeland with the purpose of serving his own people.(他返回祖国, 意在为祖国人民服务。)

  4.end :指心目中怀着的某种目的,强调结果而非过程。较正式用词。

  例如:Do the ends justify the means?(只要目的正当就可以不择手段吗?)

  5.target :指射击的靶,军事攻击目标。引申指被攻击、批评或嘲笑的目标。

  例如:What's the target readership of this paper? (这份报纸以哪些人为读者对象?)

  6.object :强调个人或需求而决定的目标、目的。

  例如:Our object is to get at the truth. (我们的目的是弄清事实真相。)